Member of the EU: since 1.1.1995
Population: > 9,000,000
Federal capital: Vienna
Federal provinces: 9
Political districts: 94
:: Area: 83,882.32 km2 ( > 70 % of Austria’s national territory is mountainous)
:: The Eastern Alps (62.8 % of national territory)
:: The Alpine and Carpathian foothills (11.3 %)
:: The foothills in the east, the fringe of the Pannonian lowlands (11.3 %),
:: The granite and gneiss plateau, the low mountain range of the Bohemian Massif (10.2 %)
:: The Vienna Basin (4.4 %).
Due to its geographical location, the Austrian weather is characterised by a transitional
climate. While an Oceanic climate with humid westerly winds predominates in the West of
Austria, to the East, a low precipitation continental climate prevails. Moreover, the local
climate is strongly influenced by the altitude, the surface form and exposure to the prevailing
westerly weather conditions.